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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 54  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 151-156

Morphometric and morphological appraisal of the eggs of Anopheles stephensi (Diptera: Culicidae) from India

1 Medical Entomology Division, Defence Research Laboratory, Tezpur, Assam, India
2 Vector Management Division, Defence Research and Development Establishment, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Sunil Dhiman
Medical Entomology Division, Defence Research Laboratory, Tezpur–784 001, Assam
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 28748836

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Background & objectives: Anopheles stephensi is one of the most important urban malaria vectors in India and contribute about 12% of total malaria cases. An. stephensi has three ecological variants; type, intermediate and mysorensis that can be differentiated on the basis of differences in number of ridges on egg float and on the basis of spiracular indices. Because of its anthropophilic nature the ‘type’ form is an efficient malaria vector. In the present study, the egg surface morphometry and morphology of An. stephensi’type’ form was studied and detail distinguishing characters were recorded for its correct identification. Methods: Eggs of An. stephensi ‘type’ form were studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) after sputter-coating with gold. In total 23 egg characters were analysed morphologically and morphometrically, which included egg attributes, deck attributes, ventral tubercles, micropyle and float attributes. Results: The dorsal surface of the egg of ‘type’ form was curved while the ventral surface was concave and both anterior and posterior ends were blunt. The average length and width of egg was 473.94 ± 11.18 and 154.69 ± 2.66 μm respectively. The number of float ribs observed was 20.33 ± 0.33. The maximum length of float was found to be 246.57 ± 15.27 μm, whereas maximum width was 87.16 ± 3.83 μm. Interpretation & conclusion: The present study has generated some important data which is specific to An. stephensi ‘type’ form and provided significant morphological and morphometric standards for its correct identification. This information could be useful in differentiation of An. stephensi ‘type’ form from other ecological forms of the same species as well as other species of Anopheles.

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