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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 54  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 172-176

Seroprevalence of dengue in a rural and an urbanized village: A pilot study from rural western India

1 Dengue/Chikungunya Group, ICMR-National Institute of Virology, Pune, India
2 Epidemiology Group, ICMR-National Institute of Virology, Pune, India
3 Vadu Rural Health Program, Pune, India
4 KEM Hospital Research Centre, Pune, India

Correspondence Address:
P S Shah
Scientist ‘E’, ICMR–National Institute of Virology, 20A, Dr Ambedkar Road, Pune, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 28748839

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Background & objectives: Dengue is highly prevalent in tropical and subtropical regions. The prevalence of dengue is influenced by number of factors, i.e. host, vector, virus and environmental conditions including urbanization and population density. A cross sectional study was undertaken to determine the seroprevalence of dengue in two selected villages that differed in the level of their urbanization and population density. Methods: Two villages with demographically well-defined populations close to Pune, a metropolitan city of western India, were selected for the study. Age stratified serosurvey was carried out during February to May 2011 in the two villages—a rural village A, located 6 km from the national highway with a population density of 159/km2; and an urbanized village B, located along the highway with a population density of 779/km2. Assuming a low seropositivity of 10%, 702 serum samples were collected from village A. Sample size for village B was calculated on the basis of seropositivity obtained in village A, and 153 samples were collected. Serum samples were tested for the presence of dengue virus (DENV)-specific IgG. Simple proportional analyses were used to calculate and compare the seroprevalence. Results: Of the 702 samples collected from village A, 42.8% were found positive for anti-DENV IgG. A significantly higher seropositivity for DENV (58.8%) was found in village B. In village A, there was an age dependent increase in seroprevalence; whereas, in village B, there was a steep increase from 17% positivity in 0–10 yr age group to 72% in the 11–20 yr age group. The seroprevalence was almost similar in the older age groups. Interpretation & conclusion: The observations suggested that prevalence of dengue is probably associated with urbanization and host population density. Areas that are in the process of urbanization needs to be monitored for prevalence of dengue and its vector, and appropriate vector control measures may be implemented.

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