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RESEARCH ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 54  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 317-327

Immunogenicity of OmpA and OmpB antigens from Rickettsia rickettsii on mononuclear cells from Rickettsia positive Mexican patients


1 Emerging and Re-emerging Diseases Laboratory of Centro de Investigaciones Regionales, Medicine Faculty, Universidad Autonoma de Yucatan, Avenida Itzáes, Yucatan, Mexico
2 Hematology Laboratory of Centro de Investigaciones Regionales, Medicine Faculty, Universidad Autonoma de Yucatan, Avenida Itzáes, Yucatan, Mexico
3 Inter-Institutional Unit of Epidemiologic and Clinical Research, Medicine Faculty, Universidad Autonoma de Yucatan, Avenida Itzáes, Yucatan, Mexico

Correspondence Address:
Karla Dzul-Rosado
Emerging and Re-emerging Diseases Laboratory of Centro de Investigaciones Regionales “Dr Hideyo Noguchi”, Universidad Autonoma de Yucatan, Avenida Itzáes #490 x calle 59, Colonia centro, CP 97000, Merida, Yucatan
Mexico
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0972-9062.225836

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Background & objectives: The nature of the rickettsial antigens and the immune response generated by them, have been the subject of exhaustive research so that a suitable vaccine can be developed. Till date evaluations of Rickettsia rickettsii antigens that induce both humoral and cellular responses in animal models have only shown partial protection and short-term immunological memory. This study was aimed to evaluate the immune response induced by DNA plasmids generated from the OmpA and OmpB genes of R. rickettsii in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of rickettsial (sensitized) patients compared to healthy subjects. Methods: Plasmids OmpA-49, OmpB-15 and OmpB-24 were generated in the pVAX vector. Macrophages derived from the THP-1 cell line were transfected in vitro with the plasmids and were co-cultured with T-lymphocytes from sensitized subjects and healthy subjects to evaluate cell proliferation and cytokine production. Results: The OmpB-24 plasmid induced proliferative response in human lymphocytes, with production of IL-2, IFN-γ, IL-12p70, IL-6 and TNF-α, likely due to the presence of conserved epitopes among R. rickettsii, R. typhi and R. felis (differing from 1 to 3 amino acids) during the construction of the plasmids. Interpretation & conclusion: DNA sequences of rickettsial epitopes can be cloned into the pVAX vector. Constructed plasmids can generate a proliferative response and produce cytokines in vitro, in co-culture of transfected macrophages with sensitized human lymphocytes. Plasmid OmpB-24 proved to be the most immunogenic with respect to plasmids OmpA-49 and OmpB-15.


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