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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 56  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 25-31

Some considerable issues concerning malaria elimination in India


ICMR–National Institute of Malaria Research, Field Unit, Panaji, Goa, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr Ashwani Kumar
Scientist ‘G’ & Officer Incharge, ICMR-National Institute of Malaria Research, Field Unit, Campal, Panaji–403 001, Goa
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0972-9062.257770

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Malaria elimination is a health priority of India for the national development and to meet UN sustainable development goals. In this article, an attempt has been made to highlight some of the key issues that need attention and consideration. These include addressing the gaps in malaria burden and adopting District Health Information System (DHIS) for real time data gathering, transfer and analysis for rapid response. The article highlights threat to malaria elimination from human migration, asymptomatic malaria, P. malariae as a neglected species, need for updating vector information and devising strategies to control relay vector species especially in the high burden states of India. Additionally, scale-up of vector control interventions, integrated vector management and enhancement of vector control capacity and capability have been emphasized. It is suggested that process, performance and progress indicators for malaria elimination may be clearly spelt out and disseminated. What are the data needs for malaria elimination certification, must be well-understood? Lessons learnt by the countries that have eliminated malaria recently shall be of great value to malaria elimination efforts in India.


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