• Users Online: 431
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Home About us Editorial board Ahead of print Current issue Search Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 51  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 271-275

Spatial epidemiology of American cutaneous leishmaniasis in a municipality of west São Paulo State, Brazil

1 Department of Geography, College of Science and Technology of Presidente Prudente State University of São Paulo, Brazil
2 Adolfo Lutz Institute, Center of Regional Laboratory, Presidente Prudente, São Paulo, Brazil
3 Adolfo Lutz Institute, Center of Parasitology and Micology-São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

Correspondence Address:
Elivelton da Silva Fonseca
Department of Geography, School of Sciences and Technology, São Paulo State University, Presidente Prudente Campus, Roberto Simonsen Street, 305 19060-900 - Presidente Prudente, São Paulo State
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 25540957

Rights and PermissionsRights and Permissions

Background & objectives: In the last decade, in the state of São Paulo, 5898 cases of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) were reported. This study was undertaken to analyze the epidemiology of CL in the municipality of Teodoro Sampaio, in São Paulo State, Brazil, based on a geographic approach, as very little is known of the relationship between CL and the spatial transformation process. Methods: This is a population-based quantitative, descriptive and cross-sectional case study. Surveys of the official notifications in the healthcare center and official sources from 1998 to 2011 were analysed. The data were described based on statistics and the Kernel method to detect hotspots of transmission. Results: The age group between 21 and 40 yr was most affected, with 24 cases (57.9%). Of the 41 cases reported between 1998 and 2011, 33 cases were having low education status and 31 cases (75.6%) were males. The spatial and temporal distribution was aggregated in three-year periods which permitted the identification of two microfoci, in periods I (1998-2000) and III (2005-2007). Interpretation & conclusion: The disease has presented, in recent years, a pattern of sporadic transmission or microfoci, and continues to maintain enzootic cycles of Leishmania in a sylvatic environment, ensuring the perpetuation of the pathogen in nature, and the risk of emergence of new cases of CL in domestic animals and humans.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded109    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal