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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 52  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 1-10

Animal models for some important RNA viruses of public health concern in SEARO countries: Viral hemorrhagic fever

Maximum Containment Complex, Microbial Containment Complex, National Institute of Virology (ICMR), Pune, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr Devendra T Mourya
Director, Maximum Containment Complex, Microbial Containment Complex, National Institute of Virology (ICMR), 130/1, Sus Road, Pashan, Pune-411 021 Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 25815861

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Viral hemorrhagic fevers (VHFs) are major public health problems in the South-East Asia Regional (SEAR) countries. VHFs are a group of illnesses; that are caused by four families of viruses, viz. Arenaviridae, Bunyaviridae, Filoviridae and Flaviviridae. All VHFs have common features: they affect several organs and damage the blood vessels. These symptoms are often accompanied by hemorrhage. To understand pathogenesis, genetic and environmental influence that increase the risk of VHFs, efficacy and safety studies on candidate vaccines and testing of various therapeutic agents, appropriate animal models are essential tools in public and animals health. In the current review, the suitable animal models for Flavivirus [Dengue hemorhagic fever (DHF), Kyasanur forest disease (KFD)]; Bunyavirus [Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF), Hantavirus fever (HF)]; and Paramyxovirus [Nipah virus fever (NiV)] have been reviewed with specific emphasis on emerging and reemerging viruses in SEAR countries.

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