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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 52  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 88-94

Screening of some weeds for larvicidal activity against Aedes albopictus, a vector of dengue and chikungunya

1 Vector Management Division, Defence Research and Development Establishment, Gwalior, India
2 School of Studies in Botany, Jiwaji University, Gwalior, India
3 Defence Research Laboratory, Tezpur, India

Correspondence Address:
R Yadav
Vector Management Division, Defence Research and Development Establishment, Jhansi Road, Gwalior-474 002 (MP)
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 25815872

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Background & objectives: Screening of crude extracts of plants facilitates the establishment of highly effective extract for mosquito control. This practice should be preferred before in depth study of plant extracts rather than spending much efforts and energy in detailed examinations for practically ineffective extracts. In this study, leaf powders of four weed plants were used for the quick screening of effective plant extract as larvicide against III instar larvae of Aedes albopictus Skuse. At the same time, effect of different seasons on the larvicidal efficacy of plants and selection of proper solvents for further investigation were also studied. Methods: Leaves of Vernonia cinerea, Prosopis juliflora, Hyptis suaveolens and Malvastrum coromandelianum plants were collected in summer, winter and rainy seasons from Madhya Pradesh region (India). To assess the larvicidal efficacy the suspensions of leaf powders in different solvents (isopropanol, methanol, acetone, dimethylsulfoxide and water) were used for larvicidal bioassay. The mortality counts were made after 24 h and the LC50 and LC90 values were calculated. Results: Results showed that leaf powder of V. cinerea in acetone collected during summer showed highest efficacy with LC50 value of 0.22 g/l and LC90 of 0.96 g/l followed by methanolic solution of P. juliflora with LC50 of 0.44 g/l and LC90 value as 1.85 g/l. Amongst all solvents, leaf powder in acetone; while among seasons, summer collected plant materials were found to be more effective larvicides as compared to others. Interpretation & conclusion: Summer and winter collected leaves of V. cinerea and P. juliflora dissolved in the solvents of medium polarity range showed significant larval toxicity and thus suggests a detailed study on these plants as potential larval control agents.

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