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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 56  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 295-302

Involvement of dual serotypes during a severe dengue outbreak in Wadi area, Nagpur district, Maharashtra 2017

1 ICMR–National Institute of Virology, Pune, Maharashtra, India
2 District Malaria Officer, Malaria Department, Nagpur Division, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
3 District Medical Officer, Vyahad PHC, Wadi, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
4 State Entomologist, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. A B Sudeep
ICMR–National Institute of Virology, Microbial Containment Complex, Sus Road, Pashan, Pune–411 021
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-9062.302031

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Background & objectives: An outbreak of dengue-like illness was reported from Wadi area within the Nagpur Municipal Corporation during September–October 2017 with five deaths. Major symptoms reported were high fever (103–106 oF), acute joint pains, myalgia, drowsiness, breathlessness, etc. An investigation was conducted to confirm the etiological agent, its characterization and the vectors involved in the outbreak. Methods: Serological analysis was conducted to detect dengue (DEN)/chikungunya IgM antibodies in 158 sera samples. Nested-PCR was carried out to serotype eight ELISA positive samples. Adult and larval mosquito collections were conducted in the affected areas to determine species composition and mosquito density. Results: Dengue IgM antibodies were detected in 44 sera samples. Molecular typing revealed involvement of DEN-2 and DEN-3 serotypes. Dengue hemorrhagic fever symptoms were observed in two patients. Aedes aegypti breeding was found rampant with Breteu index and house index ranging from 23 to 70 and 17 to 56, respectively. Major breeding habitats encountered were, used tyres, cement tanks and refrigerator trays. Interpretation & conclusion: Clinical symptoms, detection of anti-DEN IgM antibodies in high number of samples and heavy breeding of Ae. aegypti confirmed it was a dengue outbreak.

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