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RESEARCH ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 57  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 23-30

Role of IL-17 gene polymorphism in Indian kala-azar


1 ICMR–Regional Medical Research Centre, Northeastern Region, Dibrugarh, India
2 Department of Biotechnology, Gauhati University, Guwahati, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr A M Khan
ICMR–Regional Medical Research Centre, Division of Entomology and Filariasis, Northeastern Region, Post Box No. 105, Dibrugarh–786 001, Assam
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0972-9062.308795

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Background & objectives: Visceral leishmaniasis or kala-azar is a fatal protozoan disease caused by an obligate intracellular parasite, Leishmania donovani. Susceptibility, establishment of infection and severity of this disease depend upon many factors, but it is the host immune system that plays decisive role in disease progression. Keeping this view into consideration, we investigated the probable relationship between polymorphisms rs2275913 and rs8193036 in IL-17 gene, and its association as a risk factor for kala-azar in an endemic population of Assam, India. Methods: A total of 209 subjects, 76 kala-azar cases (male: 46, female: 30, mean age ± SD: 34.60 ± 12.61) and 133 controls (male: 66, female: 67, mean age ± SD: 33.35 ± 14.48) were included in this study. We analysed the polymorphisms, rs2275913 and rs8193036 by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) technique. The data were analysed using logistic regression analysis and SPSS software. Results: The results revealed that the mutant rs8193036 TT genotype conferred 4.7-fold higher risk for kala-azar (p = 0.00991, OR = 4.72, 95% CI = 1.330–16.911). A significant difference was found between the allele frequencies of rs8193036 (p = 0.029, OR = 1.64, 95% CI = 1.04–2.57) when comparisons were done using the genetic models of association. When stratification analysis was done on the basis of active and past cases we found that during active infection rs2275913 A allele was significantly associated with increased risk of kala-azar (p = 0.016, OR = 3.95, 95% CI = 1.21–12.87). Interpretation & conclusion: The findings revealed that IL-17 genetic variant, rs8193036 is an independent risk factor for kala-azar infection and may contribute in pathogenesis of the disease. Further, rs2275913 polymorphism of IL-17 gene is associated with kala-azar during active infection.


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