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Entomological investigation of an outbreak of Japanese encephalitis in Solan district, Himachal Pradesh

 National Institute of Malaria Research (ICMR), Sector 8, Dwarka, Delhi-110077, India

Correspondence Address:
RC Dhiman,
National Institute of Malaria Research (ICMR), Sector 8, Dwarka, Delhi-110077
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-9062.313972

An outbreak of Japanese encephalitis (JE) was reported in Solan district of Himachal Pradesh, India in May 2018 wherein a total of eight JE cases were reported by the state health department, of which seven cases were confirmed by ELISA. An entomological survey was carried out to investigate the presence of vector mosquitoes in the affected area. Field visits were undertaken in eight villages of two blocks in Solan district. Larval collections were made from the major aquatic sites and emerging mosquito species were identified. Seepage water ditches were the main source of JE vector mosquitoes Culex tritaeniorhynchus and Cx. bitaeniorhynchus. During hand catch collections of adult mosquitoes, three vector species of JE, Culex tritaeniorhynchus (Man Hour Density 1-14), Cx. vishnui (MHD 2) and Cx. bitaeniorhynchus (MHD 1-2) were collected. A few specimens of Cx. tritaeniorhynchus (6 no.) were also collected in light trap collections. Since this was the first reported outbreak of JE from Himachal Pradesh, India, studies on sero-surveillance in addition to bionomics of JE vectors are required for better understanding of epidemiology of JE in Himachal Pradesh. Moreover, there is a need to study the role of climate change especially rising temperature in the context of JE in Himachal Pradesh.

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    -  Ojha V P
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