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Analysis of dengue cases and severity classifications in Cavite province, Philippines

 College of Business Administration and Accountancy, De La Salle University - Dasmarinas City, Cavite Philippines 4115; 2College of Science and Computer Studies, De La Salle University - Dasmarinas City, Cavite Philippines 4115

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W Onuh,

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-9062.321742

Background & objectives: Dengue is considered endemic in many countries in the world including the Philippines and factors associated with dengue infections have not been adequately explored in this country. The aim of this study was to assess demographic and location-related factors associated with different classifications of dengue: mild dengue, dengue fever, and hemorrhage dengue fever. Methods : This study used consolidated dengue reports of 18,482 individual cases from the Provincial Hospital (PH) of Cavite Province from 2009-2014 and clinical classifications of dengue used by the Philippine Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (PIDSR). Multinomial logistic regression and marginal effects were used to analyze factors associated with different dengue classifications. Results : Living in densely populated cities and municipalities, individuals aged 19 years and below, and being female were closely associated with severe dengue (DHF) type, while being male and older (above 19 years old) decreased the risk of contracting severe dengue. Interpretation & conclusion : Our study provides a preliminary assessment of association between demographic factors (gender and age-group), locations (municipalities and cities); and three classifications of dengue (mild, moderate, and severe) in Cavite province in the Philippines. To establish whether dengue is linked to populated areas, age and gender-related will require further assessments.

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