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Prevalence of vector borne diseases in Jammu Division, J&K, India

 Entomology, Department of Zoology, University of Jammu 180006, J&K, India

Correspondence Address:
Neha Jamwal,
Research Scholar, Department of Zoology, University of Jammu 180006, Jammu and Kashmir
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-9062.321746

Background & objectives: Jammu and Kashmir, India is bestowed upon by great climatic condition favourable for the people but vectors have utilised these conditions to gain access into the state. Vector borne diseases (VBDs) were restricted malaria and dengue since past two decades, but now these diseases have widened their geographical reach and in the last 6 years Chikungunya, leishmaniasis and Japanese encephalitis have been reported from the state. VBDs are a threat to thousands of people in the state as they cause huge mortality and morbidity under extreme cases. M ethods: A hospital-based survey on VBDs was carried out with the aim of studying the prevalence of major VBDs found in Jammu district taking into account the past records provided by the Directorate of Health Services, Jammu. Results: The study revealed that in the past 14 years malaria has shown a clear declining trend; dengue cases have shown a very uneven trend with maximum cases in 2013. Leishmaniasis was reported for the first time in the division in 2013, while it was not until 2016 when single case of Chikungunya was reported from Jammu division. First outbreak of Japanese encephalitis in the region occurred during 2018 from Doda district only. Interpretation & conclusion: The present study showed that despite having congenial environmental conditions, Jammu division faces a great threat of VBDs and the increase in the number of cases in future cannot be ruled out. Japanese encephalitis registered its presence for the first time in the division.

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