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Insecticide susceptibility status of malaria vectors in Himachal Pradesh, India

 ICMR-National Institute of Malaria Research, Sector-8, Dwarka, Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Ramesh C Dhiman,
ICMR-National Institute of Malaria Research, Sector-8, Dwarka, Delhi
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-9062.342394

Background & objectives: The state of Himachal Pradesh is one of the hilly forested states of India. Warming of climate has been evidenced in the state due to ongoing climate change which may cause the upsurge/introduction of mosquito-borne diseases in Himachal Pradesh. To curb the disease transmission, an effective vector control strategy will be required. Methods: Insecticide susceptibility status of available malaria vectors was determined using the standard WHO method in six districts Kangra, Una, Mandi, Bilaspur, Solan and Mandi of the state. An. culicifacies and An. fluviatilis were tested against DDT (4%), Malathion (5%) and Deltamethrin (0.05%) using WHO insecticide susceptibility kits. Results: Overall, An. culicifacies was found resistant to DDT in all the six districts, susceptible to malathion in all districts except Bilaspur and Solan where it showed possible resistance. It was susceptible to deltamethrin in all the study districts. An. fluviatilis was resistant to DDT and susceptible to malathion and deltamethrin in Kangra and Una districts. Interpretation & conclusion: At present, IRS is not being undertaken in Himachal Pradesh. However, with the information generated through the present study, the state government can plan evidence-based IRS at least for focal spray in limited foci reporting malaria incidence.

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